7. Motosacoche – 1900


By attaching two varnished sheet metal plates to either side of a bicycle frame to contain an engine and thwart splashing oil, brothers Armand and Henri Defaux unknowingly created the first motorcycle fairing. Taking the place of where a pannier bag (“sacoche” in French) would be mounted on a bicycle, calling the invention Moto-sacoche was a natural progression. Bolted to the bicycle frame the sacoche increased the frame’s rigidity and helped it win the Col de la Faucille hillclimb in 1901.

1900 Motosacoche

Country of Origin France
Engine Type Single-cylinder, four-stroke
Engine Capacity 215 cc
Horsepower 2 bhp
Transmission Belt drive to left of rear wheel
Weight 70 lbs