The California Air Resources Board levied a fine of $500,000 against aftermarket exhaust manufacturer, Vance & Hines, for a 2012 violation of a regulatory provision for the exemption of aftermarket critical emission control parts on highway motorcycles. CARB adopted the new regulatory provision in 2009. According to the ARB website the “parts were intended for use with, or […]
The Hubless Monster
Besides looking cool, other advantages to hubless rims are more accurate steering, lower center of gravity, increased braking leverage and less vibration.
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Amen Design and Engineering Inc. claims this bike is the first fully functional double hubless bike in the world along with the first bike to have the largest tire in the world and a list of other firsts.
Here is another hubless bike, its called the ‘Swordfish’ designed by Alexander Kotlyarevsky, only this one is just a concept.